Men’s health – Common issues and treatments for men in Croatia

Men in Croatia, Oncology clinic
Klinika za tumore (Oncology clinic) in Zagreb, Croatia

PUBLISHED: 24.6.2024.

The pace of life, cultural expectations, and endless responsibilities can cause men a lot of stress and harm their health. However, men’s health is often overlooked, and health issues may happen if they do not go for regular men’s health checkups.

Maintaining good health and preventive medical examinations are important for all men in Croatia. This post should educate you about the most common men’s health issues in Croatia and where to find solutions. Monitor your health and react on time.

In this article, we cover:

The facts are these…

1. Alternative medicine for men in Croatia

Alternativna medicina (alternative medicine) includes practices and treatments that fall outside conventional Western medicine. These practices often complement traditional treatments and can provide holistic approaches to health and well-being.

Alternative medicine available in Croatia is:

  • Ajurveda (Ayurveda)
  • Akupunktura (Acupuncture)
  • Aromaterapija (Aromatherapy)
  • Biljna medicina (Herbal medicine)
  • Hidžama (Cupping)
  • Homeopatija (Homeopathy)
  • Kiropraktička njega (Chiropractic care)
  • Naturopatija (Naturopathy)
  • Reiki (Reiki)
  • Terapija masažom (Massage therapy)
  • Tradicionalna kineska medicina (Traditional Chinese medicine)

Where to find alternative medicine practitioners

Alternative medicine is accessible through various practitioners and health centers. Be aware that the law does not properly regulate this type of therapy and some of these practitioners are not as good as they want you to believe.

Average cost of alternative medicine treatments

The cost of alternative medicine treatments in Croatia can vary widely depending on the type of therapy and practitioner. One message or a chiropractor appointment can cost 30 to 50 euro, while acupuncture or herbal medicine can cost up to 100 euro per session.

2. Chronic illnesses that are specific to men in Croatia

Kronične bolesti (chronic illnesses) specific to men often require early diagnosis and consistent management to maintain quality of life and prevent serious complications. Some of them are rak prostate (prostate cancer), rak testisa (testicular cancer), benigna hiperplazija prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia), and nizak testosteron (low testosterone).

Where to get treatment for chronic illnesses specific to men

Public hospitals and specialized clinics offer comprehensive care, including diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up, often covered by health insurance. Private hospitals can offer the same, but the cost is much higher because it accumulates over time.

Average price of treatments for chronic illnesses specific to men

The cost of treatment varies significantly based on the condition, type of treatment, and healthcare provider. In public healthcare, everything should be covered, especially if you have obvezno, dopunsko, and dodatno health insurance.

Private clinic treatments can be pricey because chronic illnesses require many visits to a doctor and bills can pile up. A single exam by a specialist can cost between 50 and 100 euro. On top of that, there are other exams that you might require, like MRI, lab tests, etc.

View our health insurance articles:

3. Diet, nutrition, and supplements for men in Croatia

Proper dijeta (diet) and prehrana (nutrition) are an important step in maintaining overall health, preventing chronic diseases, and supporting physical and mental well-being. Supplements and vitamins for men’s health can fill nutritional gaps and support specific health goals.

Where to get nutritional advice and supplements

Depending on your goals and how much effort you want to put into proper nutrition and supplements, you can find advice in a couple of ways. The best thing is to visit your doctor, who will send you to a nutritionist in a health center or a hospital.

You can also schedule an appointment with a nutritionist in a private clinic or a fitness center that offers this service. For supplements, you can get excellent advice from a local pharmacist.

Average cost of nutritional advice and supplements

A dietitian or a nutritionist consultation covered by your health insurance is essentially free, but if you go to a private practice, you may pay between 30 and 100 euro for a consultation. Follow-up sessions are usually cheaper.

Supplements depend on the manufacturer and where you buy them. You can find most of them in pharmacies or health food stores. Some common supplements, like vitamin C or magnesium, can even be found in supermarkets.

View our food articles:

4. Erectile dysfunction in Croatia

Erektilna disfunkcija (erectile dysfunction – ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is a common issue that can affect men of any age but becomes more prevalent with aging. ED can be a symptom of underlying health issues such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or hormonal imbalances.

Where to get help for erectile dysfunction

You can start by visiting a general practitioner, who can conduct an initial assessment and refer you to a specialist such as a urologist or an endocrinologist. Another option is to visit a urologist at a private clinic.

Average price of erectile dysfunction treatment

The cost of treating erectile dysfunction in Croatia varies depending on the type of treatment. Initial consultations with a family doctor or specialist in the public healthcare system are typically covered by health insurance. Private consultations may range from 50 to 100 euro.

Medications such as sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), or vardenafil (Levitra) can cost between 20 to 40 euro per package, depending on the brand and dosage. More advanced treatments, such as vacuum erection devices, injections, or surgical options, can be significantly more expensive, ranging from 200 to 1.000 euro or more.

5. Exercise and physical activity in Croatia

Regular physical activity is crucial for maintaining good health, preventing chronic diseases, and enhancing mental well-being. Men who exercise have better muscle strength, cardiovascular health, and mental clarity.

Where to exercise

Croatians love sports and you can often see locals swimming, hiking, cycling, or walking. Men in Croatia mostly exercise at:

  • Fitness centers
  • Gyms
  • Home
  • Public parks
  • Recreation areas
  • Sports clubs

Average cost of exercise

Gym memberships typically range from 20 to 50 euro per month. Fitness classes cost between 5 and 15 euro per session, with monthly packages ranging from 30 to 100 euro.

View our hiking articles:

6. Regular health screenings in Croatia

Redoviti zdravstveni pregledi (regular health screenings) are crucial for early detection and prevention of various health conditions. Specific screenings can help monitor zdravlje srca (heart health), zdravlje kože (skin health), zdravlje kostiju (bone health), and rano otkrivanje raka (detect cancers early).

Where to get health screenings

If you want to schedule preventative tests with your doctor in a health center, you will have to wait a long time for each appointment. Wait lists are the biggest problem of the Croatian healthcare system. This is why regular annual health screenings are best done at private clinics.

All policlinics offer sistematski pregled (general medical exam) at different costs, so make sure to find the one that fits your needs and budget.

Here are some private clinics where you can do sistematski:

Average price of health screenings

The price of a general medical exam is between 200 and 500 euro. If you go to each exam separately, it will cost you 50 to 100 euro per exam.

[Read: Why you must have health insurance in Croatia]

7. Male yeast infections in Croatia

Gljivična infekcija kod muškaraca (male yeast infection), caused by the overgrowth of the fungus kandida (Candida), can affect various parts of the body, including the genital area, mouth, and skin. Early treatment can alleviate symptoms and prevent the spread of the infection.

Where to get treatment for male yeast infections

Visit your doctor or a dermatologist, who can diagnose the infection and prescribe appropriate treatment. These screenings and treatments are available in both private and state clinics.

Average price of male yeast infection treatment

Health insurance covers consultations and treatments in state healthcare facilities, while an initial consultation in private clinics may cost 50 to 100 euro. The cost of antifungal medications, whether topical creams or oral tablets, typically ranges from 10 to 30 euro, depending on the specific medication and dosage.

8. Mental health in Croatia

Taking care of mentalno zdravlje (mental health) is crucial for overall health and quality of life. If you visit a psiholog (psychologist) or a psihijatar (psychiatrist), they can detect issues such as depresija (depression), tjeskoba (anxiety), stres ( stress), and other mental health conditions.

Where to get mental health treatments

To start your mental health treatment, you can visit your doctor, who will recommend a specialist. Another option is to schedule an appointment with a private practice psychologist or psychiatrist. In case of immediate danger, call 194 or 112. View our list of emergency numbers for Croatia here.

Average price of mental health treatment

Screenings and consultations with mental health professionals are often covered by health insurance, minimizing out-of-pocket expenses. Consultations and therapy sessions with psychologists or psychiatrists in private practices cost between 30 and 80 euro per session.

[Read: How to get psychological support in Croatia]

9. Prostate exams in Croatia

A pregled prostate (prostate exam) is crucial for early detection of prostate cancer, which is one of the most common cancers among men in Croatia. Early detection through regular exams can significantly increase the chances of successful treatment and survival. Regular screenings are recommended for men over 50 or those with risk factors such as a family history of prostate cancer.

November is a men’s health awareness month dedicated to prostate cancer. It is called Movember, and you can read how it is marked in Croatia here.

Where to get a prostate exam

Prostate exams are available in public and private healthcare centers. You can visit a urologist or a general practitioner who can refer you for the exam.

Average price of a prostate exam

Prostate exams are free or have minimal associated costs if you have obvezno health insurance. For those opting for private healthcare, an exam, including a consultation with a urologist and necessary tests, the cost can range from 50 to 150 euro.

10. Testosterone tests and supplements in Croatia

A testosteron (testosterone) is a crucial hormone that affects many aspects of a man’s health, including muscle mass, bone density, mood, energy levels, and sexual function. Low testosterone levels can lead to various health issues, such as fatigue, depression, decreased libido, and reduced muscle mass.

Testosterone replacement therapy for men’s health is popular worldwide. Unfortunately, TRT is not available in Croatia, at least not in the same way as in the US. To get a prescription for testosterone medication, you must visit your doctor, who will prescribe it only if you have a hormone deficiency.

Where to get a testosterone test and supplements

You can visit your doctor and ask them about testosterone testing. These types of tests are also available in policlinics and private labs. Doctors will advise you on diet and lifestyle changes that will help improve your testosterone levels.

Some supplements that are not testosterone but are known to boost testosterone levels in men are vitamin D, DAA, zinc, ashwagandha, and DHEA. They are widely available in pharmacies and other stores in Croatia.

[Read: Local pharmacists in Croatia]

Average price of a testosterone test

In public healthcare facilities, the test is often covered by health insurance, minimizing the cost to the patient. For private healthcare, the cost, including consultation and lab fees, typically ranges from 30 to 80 euro.

When it comes to supplements, the price may vary. In Croatia, you can find gels, pills, and patches. The average cost of monthly supply is between 50 and 200 euro.

11. Urinary infections in Croatia

Infekcije mokraćnog sustava (urinary tract infections – UTIs) are common and can affect any part of the urinary system, including the bubrezi (kidneys), mjehur (bladder), and uretra (urethra). Early detection and treatment can relieve symptoms quickly and prevent complications.

Where to get tested for urinary infections

Testing for urinary infections can be done at public hospitals, clinics, and private healthcare facilities. Family doctors can conduct initial tests and refer patients to specialists if needed.

Average price of UTI testing

In private clinics, the cost of a urine test, including consultation and lab fees, typically ranges from 20 to 50 euro. Some off-the-counter tests cost between 7 and 15 euro, but they are not as reliable as lab tests.

12. Vaccinations for adult men in Croatia

Cijepljenje (vaccination) is important for preventing infectious diseases and maintaining overall public health. Staying up-to-date with vaccinations can protect against serious illnesses, reduce the spread of infections, and contribute to collective immunity.

Vaccinations for adult men in Croatia are:

  • COVID-19 – to protect against covid
  • Gripa (Influenza – Flu) – annual vaccination
  • Hepatitis B – for those at risk like healthcare workers
  • Humani papiloma virus (Human Papillomavirus – HPV) – for men up to 26 years of age
  • Ospice (Measles), zaušnjaci (Mumps), and rubeola (Rubella) – MMR – for those who did not receive the vaccine in childhood
  • Pneumokoke (Pneumococcal) – for men over 65
  • Tetanus, difterija (Diphtheria), and pertusis (Pertussis) – Tdap – every 10 years
  • Šindre (Shingles) – for men over 50 to prevent shingles and further complications

Where to get vaccinations

In Croatia, vaccinations are available through public health institutions, hospitals, and private clinics. Public healthcare facilities provide them as part of national immunization programs, and many are covered by health insurance. General practitioners can administer vaccines or refer patients to appropriate vaccination centers.

Average price of vaccinations

The cost of vaccinations in Croatia varies based on the type of vaccine and if it is covered by your health insurance. The price is between 10 and 50 euro on average. For some vaccines, you also need to do blood work before you get the shot.

View our vaccination guides:

13. Vasectomy in Croatia

Men in Croatia aged 35 and older can request a vazektomija (vasectomy) under the Zakon o zdravstvenim mjerama za ostvarivanje prava na slobodno odlučivanje o rađanju djece (Law on health measures for exercising the right to a free decision on having children), which is available here. It is a form of permanent male sterilization and men typically choose it if they do not want to have more children.

A vasectomy is a straightforward procedure performed under local anesthesia, making it a relatively simple and low-risk option for long-term contraception. Similar to women and egg freezing, men may consider freezing their sperm before the procedure as a precaution against future regret.

[Read: How women can freeze eggs in Croatia]

Where to get a vasectomy

Vasectomy is available at some state and private clinics with urology departments, though health insurance does not cover the cost.

Some private clinics in Croatia that perform vasectomy are:

  • International Medical Center Priora – website
  • Policlinic Grubišić – website
  • Policlinic Kvaternik – website
  • Policlinic Medico – website
  • Poliklinic Sanus – website
  • Private urology practice Urovitalia – website

Average price of a vasectomy

The cost of a vasectomy in Croatia ranges from 300 to 900 euro, which includes the procedure itself, as well as pre and post-operative exams and follow-ups.

[Read: Birth control, IUD, abortion, plan B, and plan C in Croatia]

View other Croatian health articles

Frequently asked questions

Does Croatia have a good health system?

Croatia has a well-developed health system with universal coverage, meaning everyone has access to essential services. Quality care is more accessible in urban areas. Healthcare is generally affordable, though specialized treatments and private care can be pricey.

What are the health issues in Croatia?

The biggest health problems for Croatians are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and poor diet contribute significantly to these conditions.

Does Croatia have free healthcare?

Croatia offers universal health care, meaning that basic health services are available to all citizens and residents, largely funded through compulsory health insurance contributions. While most primary and secondary care is covered, some specialized treatments, medications, and private health services may require out-of-pocket payments.

[Read: Available visas and residence permits for Croatia]

How healthy is Croatia?

Croatia has a well-developed healthcare system, and basic screenings are available in every part of the country. However, lifestyle-related diseases like cardiovascular conditions and cancer are significant health concerns. There is room for improvement, especially in promoting healthier lifestyles.

What do you do if you get sick in Croatia?

If you get sick in Croatia, you should first visit a local doctor or primary care clinic, which are widely available in both urban and rural areas. If it’s an emergency, you can go to the nearest hospital or call emergency services at 194 or 112.

For non-urgent medical issues, go to a health center or a private clinic. Always have your health insurance card and identification document with you. Pharmacies are well-stocked and pharmacists can provide advice and over-the-counter medications for minor ailments.


Sources:

Zakon o zdravstvenim mjerama za ostvarivanje prava na slobodno odlučivanje o rađanju djece
Vazektomija by Poliklinika Grubišić
Vazektomija: Kako se točno provodi i kolika je cijena zahvata u Hrvatskoj? by N1 info
Najčešće bolesti u Hrvatskoj: Od čega umiremo? by Ordinacija.hr
Urinarne infekcije – vrste i važnost dijagnoze by SinLab
Alternativna medicina – novi pristup putu do ozdravljenja by Renata Škudar
10 simptoma nedostatka tetosterona by GymBeam
Erektilna disfunkcija by dr. med. Predrag Mamontov
Vrste alternativne medicine by MD Denis Millstine

Please note: Information provided by Expat in Croatia is only for the purposes of guidance. It does not constitute legal or financial advice in any form. Croatian laws and bureaucratic rules often change, and each personal case is individual, so different rules may apply. For legal advice, contact us to consult with a licensed Croatian lawyer. For financial advice, contact us to consult with a licensed Croatian tax advisor or accountant.

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