How to apply for Croatian citizenship based on naturalization if you are an EU/EEA citizen

Person in shorts walking on Split's Riva - Croatia

EU/EEA citizens can apply for Croatian citizenship (hrvatsko državljanstvo) if they meet certain conditions, just like anyone else. If you have Croatian heritage, then you may qualify based on descent. View that guide here.

This guide is specifically for EU/EEA citizens who wish to apply for Croatian citizenship under naturalization, which is residence-based and has the same rules as third-country nationals.

Application for Croatian citizenship is a long process that includes a Croatian language and culture test and a requirement that you must relinquish your foreign nationality.

In this post, we cover:

The facts are these…

Who qualifies to apply for Croatian citizenship based on naturalization

According to the Croatian Citizenship Act, EU/EEA citizens can apply for Croatian citizenship on the basis of naturalization.

To apply for Croatian citizenship based on naturalization, you must meet the following requirements:

  • You are older than 18
  • You no longer hold a foreign nationality or have submitted evidence that you will be released from your foreign nationality after being granted Croatian citizenship
  • You have resided in Croatia for 8 continuous years and hold the status of a permanent resident
  • You passed a test of the Croatian language and culture unless you are older than 60
  • From your behavior, it can be inferred that you respect the legal order and customs in Croatia.

Minors can be granted Croatian citizenship based on naturalization if:

  • Both parents are also acquiring citizenship based on naturalization
  • One of their parents is also acquiring citizenship based on naturalization AND the child is living in Croatia and has valid permanent residency
  • One of their parents is also acquiring citizenship based on naturalization AND the other parent has no citizenship, or citizenship is unknown – even if the child lives abroad

What Article 8 of the Croatian Citizenship Act says

The rules on applying based on naturalization are defined by Article 8 of the Croatian Citizenship Act. The law is available here.

Below is an excerpt from Article 8.

Članak 8. (NN 102/19)

Prirođenjem može steći hrvatsko državljanstvo stranac koji je podnio zahtjev za primanje u hrvatsko državljanstvo ako udovoljava ovim pretpostavkama:

  1. da je navršio 18 godina života;
  2. da ima otpust iz stranog državljanstva ili da podnese dokaz da će otpust dobiti ako bude primljen u hrvatsko državljanstvo;
  3. da živi u Republici Hrvatskoj s prijavljenim boravkom 8 godina neprekidno do podnošenja zahtjeva i ima odobren status stranca na stalnom boravku;
  4. da poznaje hrvatski jezik i latinično pismo, hrvatsku kulturu i društveno uređenje;
  5. da poštuje pravni poredak Republike Hrvatske, da je podmirio dospjela javna davanja te da ne postoje sigurnosne zapreke za njegov primitak u hrvatsko državljanstvo.

Smatrat će se da je udovoljeno pretpostavci iz točke 2. stavka 1. ovoga članka, ako je zahtjev podnijela osoba koja je bez državljanstva ili koja će ga prema zakonu zemlje čiji je državljanin izgubiti samim prirođenjem.

Ako strana država ne dopušta otpust ili za otpust postavlja pretpostavke kojima se ne može udovoljiti, dovoljna je izjava osobe koja je podnijela zahtjev da se pod pretpostavkom stjecanja hrvatskog državljanstva odriče stranog državljanstva.

Ispunjenje pretpostavke iz stavka 1. točke 4. ovoga članka, utvrđuje se provjerom poznavanja hrvatskog jezika i latiničnog pisma, kulture i društvenog uređenja.

Osobe starije od 60 godina ne moraju ispunjavati pretpostavke iz stavka 1. točke 4. ovoga članka.

Članak 8a.

Strancu koji je podnio zahtjev za primitak u hrvatsko državljanstvo, a u trenutku podnošenja zahtjeva nema otpust iz stranog državljanstva ili nema dokaz da će otpust dobiti ako bude primljen u hrvatsko državljanstvo, može se izdati zajamčenje primitka u hrvatsko državljanstvo ako udovoljava ostalim pretpostavkama iz članka 8., stavka 1., ovoga zakona.

Zajamčenje se izdaje s rokom važenja od dvije godine.

This translates as:

Article 8 (NN 102/19)

A foreigner who has applied for Croatian citizenship may acquire Croatian citizenship by naturalization if they meet the following preconditions:

  1. they have reached 18 years of age;
  2. they have a release from foreign citizenship or they submit proof that they will receive the release if they are admitted to Croatian citizenship;
  3. they have been living in the Republic of Croatia with registered residence for 8 years continuously until the submission of the application and they have been granted the status of a foreigner on permanent residence;
  4. they know the Croatian language and Latin alphabet, Croatian culture, and social organization;
  5. they respect the legal order of the Republic of Croatia, they paid the due public benefits and there are no security obstacles to their admission to Croatian citizenship.

The presumption referred to in item 2, paragraph 1 of this Article shall be deemed to have been met if the application was submitted by a stateless person or a person will lose it by naturalization under the law of the country of which they are a national.

If a foreign state does not allow release or imposes preconditions for dismissal that cannot be met, a statement by the person who submitted the request to renounce foreign citizenship on the assumption of acquiring Croatian citizenship is sufficient.

Fulfillment of the presumption referred to in paragraph 1, item 4 of this Article shall be determined by checking the knowledge of the Croatian language and the Latin alphabet, culture, and social organization.

People over the age of 60 do not have to meet the preconditions referred to in paragraph 1, item 4 of this Article.

Article 8a

An alien who has applied for Croatian citizenship and at the time of applying does not have a release from foreign citizenship or no proof that they will receive a release if they are granted Croatian citizenship, may be granted a guarantee of Croatian citizenship if they meet the other conditions of Article 8. , paragraph 1, of this Law.

The guarantee is issued with a validity period of two years.

Benefits for EU/EEA citizens during the citizenship application process

During the process of applying for Croatian citizenship based on naturalization, EU/EEA citizens have the same rights as third-country nationals with regards to the procedure itself. This means that they do not have any special benefits just because they are citizens of the EU/EEA member states.

During the application process, EU/EEA citizens must pass the Croatian language and culture test. Once granted Croatian citizenship, you must relinquish all foreign citizenship. You can only have Croatian citizenship. Dual citizenship is not an available option when applying based on naturalization.

How EU/EEA citizens can apply for Croatian citizenship based on naturalization

Below is a step-by-step guide on how EU/EEA citizens can apply for Croatian citizenship based on naturalization.

#1 Confirm your basis

Before you start with the process itself, you have to be sure that you qualify to apply for Croatian citizenship on the basis of naturalization.

There are two primary questions you need to answer that determine whether or not you qualify:

  • Do you hold permanent residence? Your answer needs to be YES.
  • Have you lived in Croatia continuously with legal residence for at least 8 years? Your answer needs to be YES.

[Reader: Find out if you qualify for Croatian citizenship]

#2 Prepare the documentation

If you don’t provide all the required documentation, your application won’t be valid. Be sure that you’ve collected all the documents.

You must provide:

  • One of the following application forms:
    • Application for the acquisition of Croatian citizenship by the birth of an adult (Obrazac 1) – Download it here
    • Application for the acquisition of Croatian citizenship by the birth of an adult and a child/children (Obrazac 2) – Download it here
    • Application for the acquisition of Croatian citizenship by the birth of a child/children (Obrazac 3) – Download it here
  • Biography with supporting documentation including reasons for applying (written in Croatian)
  • Birth certificate (apostilled/legalized and officially translated)
  • Proof of nationality (verified copy of a passport or an ID card, or domovnica equivalent)
  • Background check issued by the country where you have lived the previous 12 months proving you have not been criminally prosecuted not older than six months (apostilled/legalized and officially translated)
  • Valid identity document with a visible photo (apostilled/legalized and officially translated)
  • Proof of passing the Croatian language and culture test
  • Proof of permanent residence

Children younger than 18 also need to provide:

  • Extract from the birth register if they are born outside Croatia
  • Proof of citizenship
  • Written consent of the other parent

Every foreign public document that you provide must be an original, apostilled/legalized, and officially translated to Croatian. However, in certain cases, other rules may be specified by bilateral and multilateral international agreements.

You can learn how to prepare your foreign documents for use in Croatia here.

Read more about the apostille and full legalization of documents here.

If you want to be sure that you’ve properly prepared your application for Croatian citizenship, we are here to help. Our expat-vetted network of immigration lawyers can help you during the application process. Contact us and we will introduce you.

#3 Submit the application

You must apply at the MUP administrative office/police station closest to your place of residence. A legal representative or authorized proxy can submit your application if you are a disabled person.

[Read: How to find administrative police stations in Croatia]

The application process could take time – months to years. The cost to submit an application includes an administrative fee of ~20 kuna.

#4 Receive a decision

After you are granted Croatian citizenship, you will receive a document called Rješenje o primitku u hrvatsko državljanstvo (Decision on the admission to Croatian citizenship). This is a formal document that states that you have been approved for citizenship. This rješenje costs 1.050 kuna.

#5 Obtain the rest of your documents

Once you have your rješenje, you can then request additional identity documents. List of those documents with links to guides on how to obtain them has been included below:

  • Croatian birth certificate – View guide here
  • Croatian proof of citizenship, called “domovnica” – View guide here
  • Croatian passport – View guide here
  • Croatian osobna iskaznica (ID card specifically for citizens) – View guide here

How to get assistance with your Croatian citizenship application

We have built an extensive network of expat-vetted immigration lawyers in Croatia that specialize in the acquisition of Croatian citizenship. They all speak English and are currently helping people across the world apply for Croatian nationality.

They can:

  • Validate your claim to citizenship
  • Help prepare your application for success
  • Guide you on preparing your CV biography
  • Coordinate translation and notarization of your foreign documents
  • Review your application and identify any gaps or risks

Having a lawyer prepare and review your application will increase your chances of approval on the first try. To get help with your application for citizenship, complete the form below then we will match you with an expert.

View our other citizenship posts


Sources:
Acquisition of Croatian Citizenship
Procedure instructions: Acquisition of Croatian Citizenship

Please note: All information provided by Expat in Croatia is only for the purposes of guidance. It does not constitute legal or financial advice in any form. For legal advice, you must consult with a licensed Croatian lawyer. For financial advice, you must consult with a licensed Croatian tax advisor or accountant. We can recommend one if you contact us.

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