It is sad that we have to ask ourselves questions like this. Many countries in the world are struggling with war, crime, violence, terrorism, and other similar problems so it is natural to wonder how safe a country is before visiting. Croatia did suffer through a war in recent history, which is why some people still think it may be unsafe.
That being said, the Croatian War of Independence ended in 1995, more than 2 decades ago. Aside from the last war being long over, there are many other reasons why Croatia is a safe country.
In this post, we’ve cover:
- How safe is Croatia
- Why Croatia is a safe country
The facts are these…
Croatia is actually one of the safest countries in the world. According to The Global Peace Index, Croatia is 17th on the list of the safest countries in the world as of 2021, out of 163 countries evaluated. Twenty-three different indicators are used to determine the safety of an individual country.
These factors include:
- Number of internal and external violent conflicts
- Level of distrust
- Political instability
- Potential for terrorist acts
- Number of homicides
- Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP
- Domestic conflicts
- Societal safety
According to the World Economic Forum, The Global Institute For Peace, Croatia is the 74th safest country in the world out of 134 countries.
The factors used in their research include:
- War and peace
- Personal security
- Natural disaster risk
The last war in this region was Domovinski rat (Croatian War of Independence), which ended in 1995. There have been no conflicts since and there are non on the horizon.
Croatia has done a reasonably good job keeping COVID-19 under control within the country. It has been managed appropriately and we’ve not yet had a moment when it was completely out of hand like in other countries in Europe.
- SLUČAJEVI – Total number of infected persons so far
- OPORAVLJENI – Number of healed persons
- PREMINULI – Number of deceased persons
- BROJ UTROŠENIH DOZA – Number of used doses of vaccine
- CIJEPLJENI S NAJMANJE JEDNOM DOZOM – Number of people vaccinated with at least one dose
- CIJEPLJENI S OBJE DOZE – Number of people vaccinated with both doses
- CIJEPLJENI U 24 SATA – Number of people vaccinated in last 24 hours
The country is also safe from terrorist attacks. Croatia is a pretty small European country, which luckily isn’t an interesting target for terrorists. The country’s role in global politics isn’t impactful or important enough.
Furthermore, Croatia isn’t involved in conflicts with other countries nor does Croatia seek them out. Attackers primarily gravitate to larger, more developed Western countries that tend to engage in war beyond their own borders, lead global initiatives, and dictate policy to other countries.
There is a very low risk of gun violence in Croatia. This is primarily because it is not part of the culture and because it is so hard to get a gun. There are multiple steps a person must go through to acquire a weapon including:
- Acquiring a permit before purchase
- Submitting to a health evaluation, which includes a psychiatric evaluation
- Proving that you have the technical knowledge and skills to operate the weapon
- Proving what the purpose of the weapon is, which must be an approved reason
Those charged with violent crimes, involved in any proceedings related to violent crimes, or who have been accused of violence are automatically barred from acquiring a permit. If you wish to purchase a gun for personal protection, you must prove to a committee at the police station that your life is at enough risk to justify owning a weapon.
[Read: Gun and weapon laws in Croatia]
Croats have a high level of trust in each other. This is especially obvious in smaller towns and villages where people often don’t lock their doors, cars, or bikes. This isn’t so strange since people in smaller communities mostly all know each other.
On the other hand, there are some signs that this confidence has started to change during the last few years. Poverty has increased, leading to people stealing to survive. They will steal food, firewood from the woods, and steel gutters, which they then sell.
Here are some theft statistics for 2018:
- 9.521 aggravated (grand) theft reported (17,8% less than in 2019)
- 703 stolen cars and motor vehicles stolen (32,1% less than in 2019)
- 8.936 reported burglary (17,5% less than in 2019)
- 521 robbery (banditry) reported (22,2% less than in 2019)
- 1.077 pocket theft reported
- Bicycle theft rose by 19,3%
The situation is a bit different in the cities where people can’t leave their homes and bikes unlocked. Too many people live in the cities and they usually don’t know each other personally.
The most popular “trend” in the past few years is bike theft. These thefts are not very serious, but since the Croatian living standard is so low, people take any theft seriously no matter the size because they often don’t have money to afford a replacement.
Croatia has a pretty low level of crime when compared with the rest of the world.
People can walk through the neighborhoods at night without any stress, panic, or fear for their safety. No one ever thinks that taking a walk could be dangerous and everyone walks freely. However, it is always good to carry tear gas in your purse at night if you are a lady. There is never enough caution and your safety is first.
Children can often be seen playing outside the house without any parental supervision, especially in smaller villages. They are able to go to and from school unaccompanied. Teens can go out at night without the fear of danger and can return home by public transport on their own.
It is important to note one safety risk and that is walking in crosswalks. These can often be ignored by drivers, so make sure you are fully aware of your surroundings when walking across the street. There is also a lack of cycling paths, so be careful if you ride a bike, especially in larger cities such as Zagreb.
Lately, scooters are a popular means of transportation in larger cities. However, there is still no law that regulates the scooter ride. They can be found everywhere and drivers often drive too fast, so be careful because they often show up out of nowhere.
When we compare Croatia to other European countries, the crime rates committed with knives and firearms are insignificant. Murders in Croatia are very rare.
It’s the same when talking about reported cases of sexual assaults and rape. However, it is important to mention that many sexual assaults and domestic abuse go unreported because they are scared and the state apparatus doesn’t do enough to protect them. [Read: Realities of domestic abuse in Croatia]
Here are some additional crime statistics for 2020:
- 87 hate crimes reported
- 50 war crimes reported (30 more than in 2019)
- 60 reported criminal acts from the field of terrorism and extreme violence (27 more than in 2019)
- 2.173 reported acts from the field of organized crimes (6,3% more than in 2019)
- 4.532 reported acts from the field of economic crimes (9,5% more than in 2019)
- 538 reported acts from the field of corruption crimes (31,5% less than in 2019)
- 1.188 reported acts from the field of cybercrime (59,5% less than in 2019)
- 762 reported suicide attempts (10,4% more than in 2019)
- 566 reported suicides – 79,3% were men
- 108 reported murder attempts
- 17.314 offenses against the law and order (6,4% more than in 2019)
- 7.704 reported crimes from the field of domestic violence
- 168 rapes reported
- 16 attempts of rapes reported
More detailed statistics from MUP for 2020 can be found here.
Croatia is lucky to have an ideal geographical location. However, the effects of climate change have begun to leave their mark in 2020. For Croatia, 2020 was the year of change in all aspects.
On March 22, 2020, Zagreb was hit by a great earthquake of magnitude 5,5 on the Richter scale. This earthquake has caused great damage in Zagreb, Zagreb county, and Krapina-Zagorje county. It was followed by many subsequent milder earthquakes that occurred in the following months. The consequences of this earthquake are not yet solved. Many people in Zagreb were left without their homes.
Another big earthquake occurred on December 29, 2020, near Petrinja. Its magnitude was 6,2 on the Richter scale and it was noticeably much stronger and more dangerous. This earthquake could be felt in whole Croatia and parts of Austria, Italy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, and Romania.
The Petrinja earthquake was devastating and many people had to leave their homes [Read: How to help those affected by the Petrinja-Sisak earthquake]. This area was chaotic for weeks and everyone rushed to Petrinja to help affected residents. Residents of Petrinja who have been left without their homes still live in containers since the reconstruction of the city is too slow.
Storms, floods, and droughts occur occasionally but they are not very dangerous, although they might be in the future. During the past two years, several quite strong storms occurred. They left consequences to agriculture and destroyed the plantations of many Croatian farmers [Read: Croatian farms and food suppliers with online ordering and home delivery]. Strong winds and storms also destroyed many roofs and cars. Droughts occur more and more often and plant irrigation is becoming inevitable during summer.
Wildfires occur in summer along the Adriatic coast, mostly in Dalmatia. They are often caused by arsonists but sometimes they are a natural occurrence due to high heat and lack of rain.
Overall, Croatia is very safe for living and traveling. The war was over a long time ago and walking on the street is safe even at night. Murder, terrorism, and serious natural disasters are practically non-existent in relation to their population. The number of criminal acts is negligible when compared to other countries.
Much of Croatia’s high level of personal safety is attributed to the Croatian culture and the people’s strong sense of community. Even in cities, each individual neighborhood is its own community where everyone knows each other. [Read: The kindness of strangers]
An aside from Sara: I’ve lived in Texas, California, Florida, New York City, Amsterdam, and Budapest and traveled to many other places. I have always felt safest in Croatia. I can walk home on my own at 2:00 in the morning and feel completely secure.
There is no reason to worry about being pick-pocketed when in the city centers as long as you aren’t completely reckless. I have immense confidence in the baka neighborhood watch and know they will raise the alarm if needed. 🙂
Do you feel safe in Croatia? How does it compare to where you are from?
See other safety posts
- Complete guide to Croatia’s COVID-19 resources for tourists and residents
- Gun and weapon laws in Croatia
- How to prepare for and handle earthquakes in Croatia
- Is tap water safe to drink in Croatia
- Shelters and counseling centers in Croatia
- Udruga Domine: Women’s NGO from Split
Please note: All information provided by Expat in Croatia is only for the purposes of guidance. It does not constitute legal or financial advice in any form. For legal advice, you must consult with a licensed Croatian lawyer. For financial advice, you must consult with a licensed Croatian tax advisor or accountant. We can recommend one if you contact us.