Guide to animal treatment and protection in Croatia

two cats
Cats under a bush in Croatia

Many residents of Croatia have pets. Approximately 60% of Croatian families own at least one pet: 41% own dogs, and 29% own cats.

Unfortunately, too many animals in Croatia are not treated very well, mostly because some are not educated enough about how to treat animals or what is forbidden.

In this post, we cover:

The facts are these…

Things to know about animal treatment and protection in Croatia

Animal treatment in Croatia

Sterilization of pets is not mandatory in Croatia. As a result, cats and dogs exponentially reproduce. These extra unwanted pets end up abandoned, poisoned, strangled, or dumped in trash cans. Many Croatians find castration of pets to be mutilation, yet they can make peace with murdering animals when unwanted. Perhaps if more cats and dogs were castrated, there would be fewer pets to poison, eh?

Poisoning is a serious problem. It is not only used as a method of birth control by the owner of a pregnant pet, but neighbors will put out poisoned food to kill strays in the neighborhood. This inevitably causes the death of outdoor cats who do have owners.

According to the law, local authorities are obligated to build animal shelters, but the number of shelters is still insufficient. Non-profit animal shelters don’t have the capacity or funds to care for all abandoned animals properly. There is also a lack of information for residents about what to do with lost and abandoned animals.

Dog breeding does exist in Croatia, but if you want a pet, please adopt from a shelter or take in a pet from off the street instead. There are too many pets without homes. Save them, and they will love you unconditionally.

Visit to a veterinarian when you get a pet in Croatia

When you get a pet, whether you adopt from a shelter, take in an abandoned stray, or purchase a pet from a breeder, your first stop should be to a vet. They will be vaccinated, checked for disease, and hopefully, neutered so they can’t reproduce.

By law, all pets in Croatia must be vaccinated against rabies, and all dogs must be microchipped. Cats only need to be microchipped if they are going to cross the border into another country.

[Read: How to bring your pet to Croatia and care for them once you arrive]

Other available vaccinations for dogs and cats

Dogs can be vaccinated against:

  • Bjesnoća (rabies)
  • Štenećak (distemper)
  • Zarazni hepatitis (infectious hepatitis)
  • Korona (corona)
  • Parvoviroza (parvovirus)
  • Leptospiroza (leptospirosis)
  • Zarazni kašalj (contagious cough)

Cats can be vaccinated against:

  • Bjesnoća (rabies)
  • Panleukopenija or mačja kuga or mačićak (Kitten plague)
  • Rinotraheitis or zarazni kašalj (Contagious cough)
  • Calici virus (Calici virus)
  • Mačja leukemija (Kitten leukemia)

Treatment of stray cats in Croatia

In Croatia, dogs are clearly preferred over cats. Many consider cats to be rodents, which is reflected in their treatment.

Croatia has not yet implemented a plan to address the large number of stray cats, which has inevitably led to the prevalence of various cat diseases. Only a few animal shelters in Croatia accept cats.

There are so many stray cats that they tend to form colonies around the city. Luckily, there is usually a “cat lady” in each neighborhood that takes on the responsibility of feeding the local colony of cats, whom otherwise have to fend for themselves. This creates a lot of competition in larger colonies.

Volunteers and cat lovers in some towns hunt and organize sterilization for stray cats. After sterilization and recovery, they are returned to where they were found. This process is called Uhvati-steriliziraj–vrati (Trap-neuter-release), and it is the cheapest and the most humane way of preventing stray cats from producing more stray cats.

[Read: How to volunteer in Croatia and get residence]

Local communities have the option to require sterilization of cats and dogs. Some Croatian communities have already implemented permanent sterilization measures to prevent uncontrolled animal reproduction and the spread of disease.

Each town and city is required by law to pay for the sterilization of stray pets. However, it’s not enforced. Each city usually does have a small budget for this purpose.

To find out if your town has a budget to sterilize stray animals, contact the komunalno and ask. You can search for “komunalno” plus the name of your city to find the appropriate contact information. If they do have a budget, then you can take the animal to any vet, they will neuter them, and then send the bill to the city.

Sterilization is a much cheaper and more effective measure of caring for animals than putting them in shelters. In some communities, individuals finance animal shelters and the sterilization processes. Some non-governmental organizations will sterilize stray cats and cat pets free of charge or at a reduced rate. For example, Prava šapa in Zagreb offers this service.

[Read: Ways to volunteer or give back in Zagreb, including Dumovec animal shelter]

Croatian law on animal protection

The Zakon o zaštiti životinja (Law on animal protection) regulates animal rights in Croatia. The law defines the responsibility and obligations of residents and businesses towards animals. It is available here.

The law defines:

  • Protection of animal lives, health, and welfare
  • Ways people treat animals
  • Required conditions for animal breeding, medical procedures, killing, transport, scientific purposes, keeping animals in zoos and circuses
  • Selling pets
  • Abandoned and lost animal treatment
  • Inspection supervision
  • Sanctions

Forbidden acts on animals

Many restrictions outlined in the law may be written on paper but are not enforced in real life. Sanctions are implemented rarely, regardless of the number of reports of animal abuse.

These acts are forbidden:

  • Killing animals
  • Hurting animals and making them suffer
  • Bullying and frightening animals
  • Exposing animals to any diseases on purpose
  • Poisoning animals
  • Abandoning animals and pets
  • Breeding animals for animal fights
  • Encouraging aggression of animals
  • Breeding animals for fur production
  • Gifting animals in lottery games
  • Dog racing

Those who break the law protecting animals will be penalized for misdemeanors and fined accordingly. The fines range between 133 and 13.300 euros, depending on the case.

How to report animal abuse in Croatia

If you suspect or know that someone is harming or killing animals, report the abuse to:

All reports must be sent to the police and Općinsko državno odvjetništvo (a district attorney) as well.

View our other Croatian animal articles

Zakon o zaštiti životinja

Please note: Information provided by Expat in Croatia is only for the purposes of guidance. It does not constitute legal or financial advice in any form. Croatian laws and bureaucratic rules often change, and each personal case is individual, so different rules may apply. For legal advice, contact us to consult with a licensed Croatian lawyer. For financial advice, contact us to consult with a licensed Croatian tax advisor or accountant.

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